What is Nikita Khrushchev known for
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev served as the Soviet Unions first secretary of the Communist Party from 1953 to 1964 as well as the Council of Ministers chairman from 1958 to 1964. He died on September 11, 1971.
What effect did Nikita Khrushchev have on the Soviet Union quizlet
Nikita Khrushchev, who succeeded Stalin, called for destalinization, denounced Stalins policies, and revealed the atrocities committed against the Soviet people. What impact did this have on the Soviet Union?
Who is Mikhail Gorbachev quizlet
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a former Soviet statesman who served as the eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union. From 1985 until 1991, when the party was disbanded, he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
What was de Stalinization quizlet
Nikita Khrushchevs de-Stalinization policy involved liberalizing the Stalinist system in the Soviet Union by denouncing Stalins cult of personality, increasing consumer goods production, granting more cultural freedom, and pursuing peaceful coexistence with the West.
Who is Mao Zedong quizlet
Mao Zedong, who founded the Peoples Republic of China and led the Chinese Communist party, was a revolutionary who lived from December 26, 1893, to September 9, 1976. He is best known for his marxist-leninist philosophy known as Mao Zedong Thought.
Who was Fidel Castro and what did he do quizlet
Fidel Castro is a Cuban politician and revolutionary who led the country as president from 1976 to 2008 and as prime minister from 1959 to 1976. He is also known as Fidel Castro.
Who was John F Kennedy quizlet
At the age of 43, John F. Kennedy was the youngest candidate to ever run for president. He defeated Richard Nixon for the Democratic nomination on November 8, 1960. Kennedy is young, fresh, and innovative.
Who was Richard Nixon quizlet
Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Republican Party took notice of Richard Nixon because of his ardent anti-Communist reputation and thought he could garner significant support in the West. Richard Nixon was a Republican congressman who served as vice president under Eisenhower.
Who was Francis Gary Powers quizlet
American pilot Francis Gary Powers was detained by the Soviets during a CIA espionage mission over the Soviet Union; he was given a 10-year prison sentence but was eventually released in exchange for Soviet KGB Rudolf Abel.
What was the Cuban missile crisis quizlet
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day Cold War conflict in which the Soviet Union, Cuba, and the United States squared off against one another. It took place in October 1962.
What was Sputnik quizlet
Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite ever launched by the Soviet Union, was the size of a basketball and was the first of its kind in the world.
What was the U 2 incident quizlet
The US initially denied the true purpose of the plane after it was shot down over the Soviet Union, but it was forced to admit it after the USSR presented the alive pilot and the largely intact plane to support their claim of aerial spying.
Who was Henry Kissinger quizlet
Henry Kissinger, who served as Secretary of State under President Richard Nixon in the 1970s, was primarily responsible for negotiating the peace treaty with North Vietnam.
What is the Cold War quizlet
Soviet Satellites: the Eastern European countries that the Soviet Union continued to rule over after World War II. Cold War: a state of tension between two superpowers without actual fighting; power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States.
What was the Bay of Pigs quizlet
It was important because it demonstrated to Russia and Cuba that America would not tolerate communism and that they would fight to keep it at bay. The Bay Of Pigs Invasion took place when a CIA-financed and trained group of Cuban refugees entered Cuba and attempted to END the communist government.
What was the Berlin Wall quizlet
The Berlin Wall, also known as the Berliner Mauer, was an obstruction built by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) beginning on August 13, 1961. It completely cut off West Berlin from the rest of East Germany and from East Berlin (by land).
What is one major event that happened after the Berlin Wall came down quizlet
One significant development following the fall of the Berlin Wall was the fragmentation of the USSR into several states.
What was the hotline quizlet
The “hotline” was a safety valve that the Soviets, Americans, and British developed during the height of the Cold War in order to lessen the likelihood that nuclear war would break out accidentally, through calculation error, or due to a breakdown in communication.